Romans 13:1,2: "Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves."
God, the supreme Sovereign, has ordained that there should be 'governing authorities.' Every believer is subject to these various authorities, even if these authorities are evil as Nero (A.D. 54-68), the emperor of Rome who cruelly persecuted Christians. When Paul wrote this letter, Nero was in power. Yet Paul exhorted the Roman believers to submit to Nero's authority, because that authority was ordained by God Himself. 'Judgment' does not necessarily include eternal punishment. God may judge people through the human authorities He appoints.
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